Amílcar Lopes Cabral

12 September 2021

Amílcar Lopes Cabral was born in Bafatá (Guinea-Bissau) on September 12th 1924, when he was still a child, he went to live in Cape Verde, where he studied. In 1945, he gets a scholarship and enters the Instituto Superior de Agronomia in Lisbon, where he meets Mário Pinto de Andrade, Agostinho Neto and Marcelino dos Santos at the Casa dos Estudantes do Império.
In 1955, Cabral took part in the Bandung Conference and in 1959, together with Aristides Pereira, his brother Luís Cabral, Fernando Fortes, Júlio de Almeida and Elisée Turpin, he founded the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC). On August 3, 1959, they lead the workers’ strike at the Port of Pidjiguiti, which was strongly repressed by the colonial government, resulting in the death of dozens of demonstrators and hundreds of injured.
On 23 January 1963, the armed struggle against Portuguese colonialism began.
On January 20, 1973, Amilcar Cabral was assassinated in Conakry.
Cabral is one of the greatest thinkers of African anti-colonialism with an outstanding legacy in anti-colonial and anti-racist politics to this day.

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